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Teresa Gorman: Former leading Conservative rebel MP dies

Teresa Gorman, former MP
Image captionTeresa Gorman held the Billericay seat between 1987 and 2001
Teresa Gorman, a leading Conservative rebel over the Maastricht Treaty in the 1990s, has died aged 83, her family have said.
A former MP for Billericay in Essex, Ms Gorman trained as a teacher before being elected in 1987.
She was a prominent figure in the rebellions over Europe that nearly brought down John Major's government.
She had the Conservative whip withdrawn for refusing to back the EC Finance Bill in 1994.
Regarded as a talented but maverick politician, Ms Gorman was also known for her public enthusiasm for hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
In recent years, she shifted her allegiance to UKIP, and voted for the party at the general election in May.
She held the Billericay seat until 2001.


The Maastricht Treaty, which came into force in November 1993, was also the blueprint for what was to be Europe's biggest project for the next decade - economic and monetary union.
It defined the three stages of EMU, which eventually led to the single currency, and set out the convergence criteria or economic tests that member states have to pass.
The treaty also introduced integration in employment and social issues - at least for some members.
The UK negotiated an opt-out of the so-called social chapter - a part of the treaty which was eventually adopted as a protocol and which covered issues such as workers' pay and health and safety.
Although, after a change of government, the UK did finally sign up to the social chapter, another aspect of Maastricht - subsidiarity - has remained a bugbear for Europe.
One of her friends, the Conservative MP, Sir Bill Cash, said he was "extremely sad".
"She really was a real trooper, she was tremendously loyal to us, she understood what was going on in that Maastricht Treaty.
Bill Cash
Image captionOne of Teresa Gorman's friends, the Conservative MP, Sir Bill Cash, said he was "extremely sad"
"And she was completely determined to play a full role as a patriotic backbencher. And nothing would deter her. I don't think the whips had a slightest chance with her if I may say so.
"And the truth is that she was a wonderful fighter. And I'm really sad to hear about this."
Ms Gorman was one of the right-wing Maastricht Treaty rebels in the Conservative government, believing the treaty gave away too many powers to Europe.
She was a leading supporter of John Redwood in his leadership challenge to John Major in 1995, but said none of the 1997 contenders for the Conservative leadership were worthy of being prime minister.
At the time she called William Hague "a prepubescent political marshmallow".
She first stood for Parliament in 1974 as an Anti-Heath Independent. She was a councillor for Westminster City Council from 1982 to 1986


By Tom Mludzinski
Director of Political Polling
If the BBC is Auntie, then this feels like the right time to have a frank, family discussion about her future as she enters a critical period in her life.

With a Conservative majority in May and the appointment of John Whittingdale as Culture Secretary, came immediate speculation about the future of the BBC as the 2016 Charter renewal edged into view. The newspapers began using military metaphors to describe the forthcoming negotiations around the licence fee and how the BBC will and should be funded.  
It is beamed into offices around Britain, widely used for telling us the weather, the latest news and sport locally, nationally and internationally. It provides entertainment and education through films, TV and radio (advert free) and the iplayer has led the way in on demand viewing. Its reach is pervasive, and difficult to avoid. As an institution it is of national and international importance, playing a major role in Brand UK. Indeed, the BBC contributed to the United Kingdom topping the recent ComRes/Portland “Soft Power” list, ahead of the US and Germany.  
However, we now live in a multi-channel, multi-platform, multi-device, digital, on-demand and on-the-go world. Is the licence fee, first conceived and introduced in 1946 still an appropriate way of funding the BBC in 2016 and beyond?
An obvious place to start is the divisive nature of the debate. Britain is split almost right down the middle on the fairness, or otherwise, of the annual £145.50 licence fee with 45% saying it is unfair and 53% saying it is fair.
The BBC however, conducted an interesting experiment of their own. The study saw 48 households that said they would like to pay nothing or less than the current licence fee starved of the BBC for nine days. Following their period of BBC cold turkey, two thirds of these households changed their mind and were now happy to pay the full £145.50, perhaps proving Joni Mitchell’s lyrics that “you don’t know what you've got till it's gone.”
Fairness of the licence fee is one issue, but initial reactions to possible funding models show no convincing winner. While equal proportions both support and oppose and current licence fee model, abolishing it and having the BBC responsible for its own funding, even at the expense of original programmes and the introduction of adverts is supported by half (52%) of Britons. Despite this, a substantial minority (34%) oppose it. Funding the BBC through higher general taxation is widely opposed, while a direct subscription fee is supported by a third and opposed by slightly more (46%). 
These of course are top of mind views, giving us a helpful insight into the starting point of the debate among the public. Despite all the headlines and news stories, the levels of support for the different models haven’t shifted over the past year. However, the “cold turkey” experiment shows the impact that debates, conversations and consequences can have. On an issue of such complexity but also relevance to so many, in-depth consultation is important to understand more nuanced views which can be teased out with greater thought, provocation and information.
On something as important as the future of the BBC, informed public dialogue is a must. The public are key stakeholders in this debate and will be key voices around the family dining table to discuss what to do next with Auntie Beeb.
Most organisations know they need to be active on social media, but few really understand what impact it is having on their objectives. Our multi-lingual team uses industry-leading social listening technology developed at Harvard University to identify the key trends, conversations, and opportunities.
To learn more about how to enhance your digital influence, contact:

Andy White I Head of Innovation I I @AndyComRes

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UKIP's Council By-election Performance Since May 2015

The UKIP performance in each of the 40 by-elections the party has contested since the General Election, 80% of the total of 50 upto and including 3rd September, can be summarised by: 

Date of Election  Authority  Ward / Division  By-election share  Change in share
- average basis  
Last contested  
4th JuneCambridgeshire  Wisbech South18.6%-19.6%2013
11th JuneSuttonWallington South  5.8%-11.8%2014
11th JuneTower HamletsStepney Green5.2%-3.6%2014
25th JuneCambridgeshire  Romsey2.1%from nowhere
2nd JulyLincolnshireGrantham Barrowby  15.3%from nowhere
2nd JulyRichmond upon Thames  Hampton Wick2.5%from nowhere
9th JulyEast SussexOld Hastings & Tressall  10.2%-12.2%2013
9th JulyHastingsCentral St Leonards7.0%-8.8%2014
9th JulyHastingsSt Helens7.9%-13.9%2014
9th JulyHounslowBrentford4.7%-8.2%2014
9th JulyHyndburnSpring Hill9.7%-6.1%2014
9th JulyNorth LanarkshireThorniwell0.9%from nowhere
9th JulySandwellNewton15.9%-7.3%2015
16th JulyKingston upon Thames  Grove2.2%-2.5%2015
16th JulyNorfolkGorleston St Andrews  13.9%-22.8%2013
16th JulyNorfolkMile Cross10.2%-11.4%2015
16th JulyRotherBattle Town8.2%from nowhere
16th JulyTendringRush Green38.5%-10.0%2015
16th JulyWrexhamLlay4.5%from nowhere
23rd JulyBlackburn with Darwen  Mill Hill20.8%-7.5%2015
23rd JulyCaerphillyNew Tredegar11.5%from nowhere
23rd JulyElmbridgeLong Ditton4.0%-4.8%2015
23rd JulyNorth East Lincolnshire  Croft Baker15.3%-8.0%2015
23rd JulyWestminsterHarrow Road2.5%-7.4%2014
30th JulyNorthumberlandCollege14.0%from nowhere
30th JulyWychavonDroitwich East18.0%-3.1%2015
6th AugustGlasgowAnderston / City1.4%from nowhere
6th AugustGlasgowCalton3.8%from nowhere
6th AugustGlasgowCraigton1.9%+1.0%2012
6th AugustGlasgowLangside1.5%from nowhere
6th AugustSouth LanarkshireHamilton South1.1%-1.4%2013
13th AugustCaerphillyCross Keys23.7%from nowhere
13th AugustExeterPinhoe8.0%-11.5%2014
13th AugustNorth LanarkshireWishaw1.8%from nowhere
13th AugustWarwickshireNuneaton Whitestone13.3%from nowhere
20th AugustCornwallCamborne Pendarves  8.3%-23.5%2013
20th AugustDurhamShotton & South Hetton  11.6%from nowhere
20th AugustWest OxfordshireWitney North8.2%-3.3%2015
27th AugustBarnsleyDearne North12.0%-15.4%2015
3rd September  Caerphilly *Bedwas, Trethomas & Machen  
from nowhere

* now standing as Independent as disowned by UKIP

Collated by MiddleEnglander

Council by election result August 27th

Barnsley, Dearne North - Labour hold

Party  2015 B votes     2015 B share     since 2015     since 2014     since 2012     since 2011   
Labour         817        69.8%       +4.2%     +11.9%       +0.7%       +0.8%
UKIP         140        12.0%     -15.4%     -25.0%from nowherefrom nowhere
Yorkshire First         115          9.8%from nowherefrom nowherefrom nowherefrom nowhere
TUSC           55          4.7%from nowherefrom nowherefrom nowherefrom nowhere
Conservative           43          3.7%       -3.3%       -1.4%       -0.9%from nowhere
Barnsley Independent Group               

     -26.3%     -20.8%

Total votes     1,170
        29%        58%        62%        49%
Swing UKIP to Labour ~10% since May 2015 and ~18½% since 2012

Council now 55 Labour, 4 Conservative, 4 Independent